Battle of Hastings
The Norman’s victory at the 1066 Battle of Hastings was largely due to their horses having saddles and stirrups, which gave mounted soldiers more stability.
Aircrafts on the USS Louisville
The USS Louisville typically carried four aircrafts stored in the hanger located at directly aft of the catapult. The hanger doors opened directly onto the well deck for access to the catapult via the overhead crane. The aircrafts served as scout/observation and fire control for the ships guns.
The first type of aircraft to fly from USS Louisville was the Vought O3U-1, Corsair. This aircraft had a two man crew– a pilot and rear gunner/radioman. Armament consisted of one fixed forward firing .30 caliber machine gun with another trainable .30 caliber located in the rear canopy. Bomb racks were located on the lower wing. Exterior surfaces consisted of cloth and metal. This aircraft was designed to take off from a catapult with recovery at sea by the “cast method,” which used a tow net and crane to return the aircraft to the ship. This method was used with all subsequent aircrafts aboard the USS Louisville.
A new aircraft, the Curtiss SOC, Seagull, arrived onboard the USS Louisville in 1936. This aircraft also had a two man crew– pilot and rear gunner/radioman. Armament consisted of one fixed forward firing .30 caliber machine gun and a trainable .30 caliber located in the rear canopy. Bomb racks were located on the lower wing. Exterior surfaces were cloth and metal. The Curtiss Seagull would remain in service aboard the USS Louisville until 1945.
The Curtiss SC-1, Seahawk was assigned to the USS Louisville in 1945 and served until the ship was decommissioned on June 17, 1946. The Curtiss SC-1 is a mono-wing aircraft. The crew consisted of a pilot. Armament consisted of two wing mounted .50 caliber machine guns. Bomb racks were located under the wing. Exterior surfaces were all metal.
The location of the U.S. Naval aircrafts on the USS Louisville between 1942-1945 can be obtained here.
The original ceremony to launch the USS Louisville began at 2 p.m. on September 1, 1930, at the Puget Sound Navy Yard. Miss Jane Brown Kennedy christened the USS Louisville with a bottle of water from Lincoln Springs at Hodgenville, Kentucky, birthplace of Abraham Lincoln. The USS Louisville whistle sounded one long and three short blasts, then sailed out of drydock under her own steam. I can only imagine the sounds of the cheering crowds, the band playing “My Old Kentucky Home” and the whistles of every craft in the harbor to celebrate held on September 9 at 2 p.m., the Stars and Stripes were raised on the model while the appropriate bugle call played over the Frazier Museum’s public address system.